APIK Journal of Internal Medicine

LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 150-

India's response to air pollution from cooking fuel


Manas Pratim Roy 
 NCD Division, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manas Pratim Roy
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi - 110 108
India




How to cite this article:
Roy MP. India's response to air pollution from cooking fuel.APIK J Int Med 2020;8:150-150


How to cite this URL:
Roy MP. India's response to air pollution from cooking fuel. APIK J Int Med [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Sep 29 ];8:150-150
Available from: http://www.ajim.in/text.asp?2020/8/3/150/289786


Full Text



Sir,

A recent article casts light not only on the use of biomass fuel but also the provision of ventilation, a relevant but less recognized field for noncommunicable disease (NCD) prevention in developing countries.[1] Previous data indicated that 99% deaths due to household air pollution were from developing countries.[2] With biomass being used for a common rural household in Southeast Asia for cooking, it affects air pollution to a larger extent. A shift in the cooking practices could reduce exposure to PM2.5 and subsequent mortality, as suggested by the literature.[3]

Similar to China, India is also thought to suffer from the practice of using biomass fuel for cooking in the rural area. Earlier research from India highlighted a higher concentration of PM2.5 in kitchen, in comparison to the bedroom, due to the use of biomass fuel.[4]

As only 44% of households in the country are using clean fuel, under the Ujjwala scheme, the Government of India is promoting the use of liquid petroleum gas to mitigate the extent of indoor air pollution, especially in villages where many households depend on biomass fuel. While certain states such as Bihar, Jharkhand, and Odisha are yet to reach the majority of the population with clean fuel, it remains as a future task for reducing mortality from NCDs.[5]

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

References

1Yu K, Lv J, Qiu G, Yu C, Guo Y, Bian Z, et al. Cooking fuels and risk of all-cause and cardiopulmonary mortality in urban China: A prospective cohort study. Lancet Glob Health 2020;8:e430-9.
2Landrigan PJ, Fuller R, Acosta NJ, Adeyi O, Arnold R, Basu NN, et al. The lancet commission on pollution and health. Lancet 2018;391:462-512.
3Zhao B, Zheng H, Wang S, Smith KR, Lu X, Aunan K, et al. Change in household fuels dominates the decrease in PM2.5 exposure and premature mortality in China in 2005-2015. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018;115:12401-6.
4Balakrishnan K, Ghosh S, Ganguli B, Sambandam S, Bruce N, Barnes DF, et al. State and national household concentrations of PM2.5 from solid cookfuel use: Results from measurements and modeling in India for estimation of the global burden of disease. Environ Health 2013;12:77.
5Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana. Available from: http://www.pmuy.gov.in. [Last accessed on 2020 Feb 11].