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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 117-119

A study of chronic obstructive lung disease among women

1 Past DNB General Medicine Resident, St. Martha's Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Consultant Physician, Retired HOD, Department of General Medicine, St. Martha's Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Indira Ramaiah
Department of Medicine, St. Martha's Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/AJIM.AJIM_1_19

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Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a preventable cause of globally occurring chronic illness. Although it is known to affect both men and women, there is a prevailing notion that it is essentially an illness of men. Hence, sufficient attention has not been given to COPD among women in our country. We undertook this study in this context. Aims and Objectives: We intended to study the clinical profile of COPD in women and the effect on biomass exposure on lung function. Materials and Methods: A total of 87 women with clinical and lung functional evidence of COPD were included. An enquiry was made to understand the risk factors for COPD. Biomass exposure index was calculated. Results: The severity of illness according to the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease staging revealed that 49.4% were in Grade 1 and 2 and 50.5% were in Grades 3 and 4. The duration of symptoms correlated with severity. Most patients were exposed to biomass smoke; the mean biomass index was 136.8 hour-years. The nature of exposure did not appear to influence the severity of illness. Conclusion: Multiple risk factors other than smoking also play a major role in development of COPD. Biomass exposure is a major risk factor in women and duration of exposure correlates with severity of the disease.

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